While classic deficiency diseases were very uncommon in industrialized countries, there were a large number of individuals suffering from insufficiency of nutrients, which were contributing to ill health. Functional medicine looks at the underlying biochemistry and physiology of the body and uses the latest knowledge from the fields of nutrition, genetics, and environmental and social sciences to create rational, scientifically sound approaches to healing underlying causes for illness.
There is generally a certain element of orthomolecular medicine in conventional medicine, as well; most patients is advised to eat a good diet and to get their daily RDA of vitamins and minerals, http://www.ideafit.com/profile/brumbaugh-jiles-1
but orthomolecular medicine goes much further, applying these principles of daily living to major diseases and extending vitamin intake radically past the RDA's paltry amounts.
The word Orthomolecular was introduced in 1968 by two-time Nobel prizewinner Linus Pauling Ph.D., in the journal Science. A diet of whole, raw, live and unrefined foods, balanced in proteins, fats and carbohydrates, is basic to orthomolecular treatment. But vitamins and minerals are beginning to gain respect though their use is generally limited to dietary advice: increased intake of fruits and vegetables.
Patients should not attempt to self-treat as it takes a health professional to determine the types of orthomolecular medicines, dosages, times of administration, and route of administration that will be most effective. There are no supplements currently accepted as safe and effective in the treatment of autism spectrum disorders (American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Children with Disabilities, 2001b).
Michael J. Gonzalez and Jorge R. Miranda-Massari in 2011, is a functional term that explains how nutrients are capable of correcting biochemical disruptions that promote disease and infirmity.25 Thus, another scientific rationale for OM is derived in part from the recognition that altered enzymatic function due to distorted enzyme structures can be metabolically corrected by the administration of supraphysiologic doses of nutrients.
Once the experimentation was finished, Hoffer and Osmond followed their patients for ten years, measuring the effectiveness of their added-vitamin therapy in terms of readmission rates and ability to find outside employment once released from the hospital.
Orthomolecular therapy is preceded by thorough lab tests, which give us precise information on the body's current amounts of vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, trace elements, fatty acids, amino acids, and risk factors. Nutrition comes first in medical diagnosis and treatment.
Linus Pauling's research demonstrated that all illness and disease can be treated to some extent with nutritional supplements, such as vitamins, amino acids , trace minerals, electrolytes, and fatty acids. It is possible, for example, to apply the principles of functional medicine and find that several diagnostic labels and diseases" resolve spontaneously and simultaneously.
And amidst this struggle, fortunes were about to get both better and worse for the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine. Mainly the body's own micronutrients rather than pharmaceuticals (drugs that are foreign to the body) are used for OM treatment.
Pauling's input denoted this type of medicine as one concerned with using natural substances that are normally present in the healthy body. A lot of great info on vitamins & minerals and what benefits they are to people that take them. Among those qualified to advise on treatment with nutritional supplements are board certified physicians, licensed nutritionists, and naturopaths.
In orthomolecular medicine typically megadoses (very high doses) of vitamins are used. Hoffer, Osmond and Pauling suggested that taking certain nutrients could directly influence the onset, severity, treatment and prevention of disease. In a comparison of British and West African children (the latter having considerably lower nutritional and hygiene status), there was no significant difference in the IgA output in intestinal secretions of well children (Croft et al., 1997).