Many people start applying the concepts of orthomolecular medicine after researching it on their own, and begin taking supplements without a doctor's advice (which is rarely a good idea). To a large field of orthomolecular medicine include the enzymes that are involved in a large number of biochemical reactions in the human organism, eg. As carbohydrate and protein metabolism. Megadoses of vitamin A and D3 may be helpful for short periods in the treatment of cancer.
It is therefore also known as orthomolecular nutritional medicine. Orthomolecular medicine accesses a vastly expanded information data base and utilizes a more varied and powerful array of therapies than is otherwise available to the orthodox medical practitioner.
Orthomolecular therapy is preceded by thorough lab tests, which give us precise information on the body's current amounts of vitamins, antioxidants, minerals, trace elements, fatty acids, amino acids, and risk factors. Nutrition comes first in medical diagnosis and treatment.
The term "mega-vitamin therapy" was the first time in 1952 by the American psychiatrist Humphrey Osmond and Hoffer Abraham to describe high niacin (vitamin B3) - used psychosis - doses in the treatment of schizophrenia, LSD and amphetamine. A lifelong strict diet is not the goal of a nutritional approach.
During his years in Palo Alto, Pauling's experimental work largely focused on developing and refining urine and breath analyses for use in diagnosing various diseases and genetic conditions ranging from schizophrenia to cancer, skin disease, heart disease, and Huntington's chorea.
I was treated by you a few years ago and the diet plus the food supplements have successfully reduced my symptoms of fatigue and allergic reactions. In 1954 he decided to look at other groups of diseases to see if they could be classed as ortho molecular
diseases, and chose to study mental illness over cancer, because he felt that many people were working on cancer already.
A widely respected scientist, Frei's research has focused on the mechanisms causing chronic human disease, in particular atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease, and the role that micronutrients, phytochemicals, and dietary supplements might play in ameliorating these diseases.
There is generally a certain element of orthomolecular medicine in conventional medicine, as well; most patients is advised to eat a good diet and to get their daily RDA of vitamins and minerals, but orthomolecular medicine goes much further, applying these principles of daily living to major diseases and extending vitamin intake radically past the RDA's paltry amounts.
More than a decade before Pauling gave his support to the notion that mental illness might be due to a vitamin deficiency, psychiatrist Abram Hoffer (1917-2009) was promoting the idea that vitamin C and niacin supplements could be used to effectively treat schizophrenia.
Dr. Linus Pauling (Double Nobel Prize Winner), in 1968, created the term, Orthomolecular Medicine, and he defined it as the Optimal Molecule (from the Greek word: Orto-Optimal). In July the Board decided to start addressing the problem by renaming the Institute of Orthomolecular Medicine.
Dr Hoffer is still editor of the Journal of Orthomolecular Medicine. The cutbacks are usually dietary, and the additions can be dietary or in the form of targeted nutraceuticals - megadoses of vitamins, minerals, enzymes, cofactors, and other nutrients and supplementary food items.
For many other indications (hyperactive children, children with Down's syndrome, IQ changes in healthy schoolchildren, schizophrenia, psychological functions in healthy adults and geriatric patients) there is no adequate support from controlled trials in favor of vitamin supplementation 5.